Halford John Mackinder , the author. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Halford Mackinder was born on February 15th, in Gainsborough, England and received his education at the Epsom College and later at Christ Church in Oxford, where he received his biology degree in November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Signs of Mackinder’s Heartland Theory can be found in the works of geopolitician Dimitri Kitsikis , particularly in his ” Intermediate Region ” model.
The vital question was how to secure control for the Heartland. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Mackinder identified the geopolitical nightmare that was to haunt the world’s two sea powers during the twentieth century— Great Britain and, later the United States. Mackinder died on March 6th, , aged 86 years. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe. Halford stated that the Heartland was made up of the territory originally occupied by the Russian Empire and by the Soviet Union soon after that except for the Kamchatka Peninsula. However, the roles of both the Intermediate Region and the Heartland are regarded by their respective authors as being pivotal in the shaping of world history.
Halford Mackinder thesie a 20th-century geopolitical scholar who is attributed for writing the Heartland Theory. Halford stated that the Heartland was made up of the territory originally occupied by the Russian Empire and by the Soviet Union soon after that except for the Kamchatka Peninsula.
The combined empire’s large East Asian coastline would also provide the potential for it to become a major sea power. Please help geartland improve this article by introducing more precise citations.
This page was last updated on September 26, The reason for this difference is that Mackinder’s model is primarily geo-strategic, while Kitsikis’ model is geo-civilizational. However, the roles of both the Intermediate Region and the Heartland are regarded by their respective authors as being pivotal in the shaping of world history. Mackinder died on March 6th,aged 86 years.
However, the Heartland has been under Russian authority for hundreds of years and so to capture the Heartland, countries needed to prevent the expansion of Russian influence in the Heartland at the very least. Only countries in Eastern Europe were seen as potential candidates of launching a successful invasion in the Heartland. This article has multiple issues. Mackinder held that effective political domination of the Heartland by a single power had been unattainable in the past because:.
The Geographical Pivot of History – Wikipedia
Retrieved from ” https: Articles lacking in-text citations from January All articles lacking in-text citations Articles that may contain original research from November Articles with multiple maintenance issues Use heatrland dates from February Countries of Eastern Europe enjoy proximity to the Heartland and therefore are in literally the best position to take advantage of its resources.
Mackinder had a liking for Geography and was a proponent of having physical geography and human geography taught as one subject. The islands of Japan and the British Isles were categorized under the offshore islands. Some see China’s prominence in international affairs as culminating with the country being the global power.
Gadzhev, in his book Vvedenie v geopolitiku Introduction to Geopolitics raises a series of objections to Mackinder’s Heartland to start with that the significance physiography is given there for political strategy is a form of geographical determinism. While the Heartland Theory was drafted in the early 20th century, before the world was plunged into the two World Wars and a Cold War soon after that, some scholars can link recent events of the 21st century as examples of the Heartland Theory in action.
The Geographical Pivot of History
Mackinder’s “Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland According to the theory, the core of global influence lies in what is known as the Heartland, a region of the world situated in Eurasia due to its sheer size, a wealth of resources, and a high population. The outlying islands were made up of the Americas as well as Australia.
He outlined the following ways in which the Heartland might become a springboard for global domination in thesiss twentieth century Sempa, This question may seem pointless, since in the Russian Empire had ruled most of the area from the Volga to Eastern Siberia for centuries. Mackinder identified the geopolitical nightmare that was to haunt the world’s two sea powers during the twentieth century— Great Britain and, later the United States. Mackinder did not consider the effect of modern technology on his theory.
Halford John Mackinderthe author. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Views Read Edit View history. Signs of Mackinder’s Heartland Theory can be found in the works of geopolitician Dimitri Kitsikisparticularly in his ” Intermediate Region ” model.
During the time of the writing of the Heartland Theory, most of East Europe and Russia did not have an inch of road or railway network, making the heartlannd of conquering the Heartland logistically impossible. But throughout the nineteenth century:.
China needed to first emerge as the largest economy in Asia-Europe, before it eventually surpasses the United Heartpand as the global superpower, fulfilling what Mackinder stated: